The Arab Spring (Arabic: الربيع العربي ‎, al-rabīˁ al-ˁarabī) is the media term for a revolutionary wave of nonviolent and violent demonstrations, violent and nonviolent protests, riots, and civil wars in the Arab world that began on 18 December 2010.

To date, rulers have been forced from power in Tunisia,[1]Egypt,[2]Libya,[3] and Yemen;[4] civil uprisings have erupted in Bahrain[5] and Syria;[6] major protests have broken out in Algeria,[7]Iraq,[8]Jordan,[9]Kuwait,[10]Morocco,[11] and Sudan;[12] and minor protests have occurred in Mauritania,[13]Oman,[14]Saudi Arabia,[15]Djibouti,[16] and Western Sahara.[17]

There were border clashes in Israel in May 2011,[18] and the protests in Iranian Khuzestan by the Arab minority erupted in 2011 as well.[19] Weapons and Tuareg fighters returning from the Libyan civil war stoked a simmering conflict in Mali which has been described as "fallout" from the Arab Spring in North Africa.[20] The sectarian clashes in Lebanon were described as a spillover violence of the Syria